Varicose, Spider & Reticular Veins
CAUSES OF VARICOSE VEINS
Ninety percent of varicosities are inherited from direct relatives; 10% of varicose veins are caused by an injury, an inflammation or from a deep venous thrombosis (blood clot). Women are more likely to suffer from abnormal leg veins. Hormonal factors including puberty, pregnancy, menopause, the use of birth control pills, estrogen and progesterone affect the disease. It is very common for pregnant women to develop varicose veins during the first trimester because pregnancy causes increases in hormone levels and blood volume, which in turn cause veins to enlarge. In addition, the enlarged uterus causes increased pressure on the veins.
Varicose veins due to pregnancy often improve within 3 months after delivery. However, with successive pregnancies, abnormal veins are more likely to remain. Other factors which can indirectly induce the formation of varicose veins are obesity, aging, excessive heat, including prolonged exposure to the sun, prolonged standing, constricting clothing and girdles, and disorders of the lower limbs and feet. These factors should be controlled to prevent varicose formation.
CAUSES OF SPIDER VEINS
Spider veins are tiny, thread-like, purplish-blue or red veins seen close to the surface of the skin. Spider veins are usually the result of larger underlying veins, are generally painless and do not lead to medical complications.
Reticular veins are turquoise-blue veins that are larger than spider veins, but smaller than varicose veins. These veins often feed into spider veins. These veins are most often seen around the thighs, behind the knee, lower leg and face. Contributing factors include genetics, age, weight, hormonal changes, pregnancy, occupational demands and warmer climates with greater sun exposure.
When they become varicose, they can cause sharp pains which can be pinpointed on the legs. Reticular veins cannot lead to medical complications.
If you are experiencing any of these pain symptoms, please contact us today for a consultation.